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With full-year data available from the European Commission, we take a look at how much beef was traded by the bloc during the year.

The EU as a whole is largely self-sufficient in beef, producing more than is consumed domestically each year, leaving a (relatively small) exportable surplus (about 8-10% of production). An even smaller quantity of beef is imported (about 4-6% of production) to satisfy market demands, and mostly consists of fresh boneless beef from the UK and higher-value fresh/frozen product from South America (each respectively accounting for 33% and 54% of imports on average from 2019-2021).

How much beef did the EU trade last year? Click now to find out. (